1) Make two bank accounts –
Primary account and Secondary account
Keep all your money in Primary and never use it for online transactions.
Never use Primary Debit card anywhere.
Use the Secondary account for all the spending and withdrawing money from ATM. Transfer money from Primary account when needed and keep balance under Rs 10,000.
1) Use Credit Card as much as possible –
So that the liability is on banks. Debit cards means your money is gone.
In credit card payments banks can delay or revert the fraudulent payment but not in case of debit card payment. So credit card is safer choice for transactions
If you aren’t earning a handsome salary or have bad credit score just put an FD of 25,000 and get a Credit Card against it. Never ever use your Debit Card for online shopping or at Point of Sale POS terminals.
2) Get a safer chip based card –
A duplicate copy of magnetic cards can be made in minutes, chip based cards cannot be copied easily.
3) Never let your cards out of your sight –
When paying bills at some restaurant, ask them to bring the POS machine to you or you yourself go to the machine. Also grab that receipt, check, and tear.
4) Always hide the keypad –
Those devices that you swipe that card have walls to hide your fingers so that no one can see what you’re typing, that isn’t adequate, cover the top of your hand as well.
Don’t punch in the numbers by making a fist and taking the index fingers out. Instead, type like a person playing the piano, i.e: all four fingers resting or hovering over the keypad.
1) Always go and inspect the ATM thoroughly –
It hardly takes 15-20 seconds to ensure there’s no skimmer in the slot, no camera of device watching your pin etc. The people behind you can wait.
2) Always tear up ATM receipts into pieces before you throw into the dustbin
3) Never display or show off with the money you just got from ATM –
When the machine gives you cash, count and put that cash inside your wallet or purse while being in the ATM itself, don’t do so while coming out of the ATM or outside.
IV. Phones and Computers
1) Only install apps from official stores like Google play store or Apple store –
Don’t use pirated apps on your phone, it could be infected with adwares and spywares.
2) Always update your browsers, apps and antivirus definitions on your computer
3) Always check for HTTPS in your browser when making online transactions
4) Never click on links that arrive in text messages, emails, WhatsApp –
Some of them run scripts and can send all your info to the hacker.
If a friend sends you link to check out something on Flipkart, better go and search that thing yourself instead of clicking the link
5) Never use any device other than your personal device to access your account –
You’ll often find people suggesting you not to use public computer systems to access your accounts, but whenever I see any of my relatives’ or sometimes friends’ systems, they tend to have some sort of malware or unwanted but suspicious browser extensions installed.
You cannot be sure how technically sound your relatives/friends are in protecting their computers, so best to avoid their devices for banking transactions.
6) Use two-factor authentication if your bank provides that option –
Make sure your phone is locked and SMS that you get aren’t visible on the locked screen. If you do not take care of this part, having a two-factor authentication kind of loses it’s purpose, since gaining access to your unlocked phone pretty much gives someone access to your email ID (to reset password) and SMS (for two-factor authentication).
1) Change your net banking password, ATM PIN regularly (3 months)
2) Never reuse banking passwords on other sites –
Always have separate banking passwords for all accounts and make sure they are not even similar.
If you’re the kind of person who cannot remember passwords, write down password hints for yourself such that only you can figure out what the password is from that hint. This means you cannot use password hints like “son’s name + wife’s DOB”.
3) Use Key pass password manager if you are tech savvy
1) Stop giving out your phone number and email id –
Do not register your phone numbers at places where it’s not needed.
Online offers that look too good to be true like ’50 lucky registered winners will get free iPhone 7′ actually are too good to be true.
Shopper’s stop or Reliance fresh asking you for your phone number during checkout? Don’t give it to them! Your number ends up in their spamming database. And if any of these numbers end up in the hands of a company that specialises in scamming, that can land you in trouble.
I’ve gotten calls from people multiple times claiming they’re calling from my bank (they knew my bank name, my phone number and my name, so I would suspect they were who they claimed they were). But then they ask you to verify yourself by telling you your address and other details. Slowly they’ll make their way to your debit card number.
Do not give out such sensitive details to anyone on phone, even if they claim they’re from your bank, no matter how genuine they sound.
2) Don’t share your email id, birth date on social media. If you have FB, then hide them –
How exactly does Truecaller help the scammers you ask?
They get your Phone Number from someplace
They get your Name from TrueCaller
Then they Internet Search your name, Get your info like DOB, PAN
With this information they get duplicate sims from your cellphone provider and Reset your passwords.
4) Always be safe with money –
There are people inside a bank, one that marks other people taking out money, other, that’s outside and puts a game on you.
These guys are pro’s, if they’ve targeted you, then chances are there’s a very good reason for it. They see you are weakling and either steal or dacoit, that is what they will do. Rare, but still happens.
A young bodied guy is less likely to get duped, but your mom, aunt, grandma/pa is a bull’s eye for them thieves. Accompany them if you can. Money is a strange thing, and people will do anything to have more of it.